According to the data provided by the Liga de Fútbol Profesional and the newspaper Marca, Barcelona and Real Madrid have, at this early stage of the season, an overall salary cost close to 190 million per year. The disparity between these two giants and the other clubs from Liga BBVA (Spanish League) is also clear in this point since Atlético Madrid, ranked third in this list, only presents a wage cost between 65 and 67 million Euros (about 35% of the first two).
At the beginning of this year, was agreed a salary cap for the Spanish clubs according to their revenues.
2013/2014 Liga BBVA’s Salary Cap
[table id=299 /]
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MLS Players Union periodically reveals MLS players salaries, representing an unique action in the football world, stating as two of the main arguments the fact that it allows a greater equity between players and rewards those who contribute more to the evolution of Major League Soccer, and the greater bargaining power of players gained through this entity
When the regular phase of the 2013 edition of Major League Soccer is taking place, Football Industry presents the top 20 salaries of the competition as well as the costs with salaries of each club (values ​​to May 1, 2013).
The 20 Highest-Paid 2013 MLS Players
In the table below, we present the 20 players with the highest annual base salaries of MLS in 2013. In this ranking there is a great predominance of players who made the most of their careers in Europe, as are the cases of Thierry Henry, Robbie Keane and Tim Cahill. We also observe a very significant difference between the highest-paid (Robbie Keane, 3.1 million Euros) and the 20th-ranked (Darren O’Dea, 239 000 Euros). In this table, 10 players are forwards, 7 are midfielders, 2 can play as fowards or midfielders, and one is a defender. Seattle Sounders is the most represented club with 3 players.
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Salaries of the 2013 MLS Clubs
When analyzing the clubs participating in the 2013 MLS, one can see a great disparity between the New York Red Bulls and La Galaxy and the other MLS clubs. However, this distance fell between October 2012 and May 2013. The average annual base salary per club is 3.2 million Euros and 110,000 Euros per player.
On the other hand, there is also a large disparity between the highest-paid player of the club and his teammates. This difference is very pronounced especially in the case of LA Galaxy in which 44% of their base salary belongs to Robbie Keane.
[table id=244 /]
Notes: (1) Data from May 1, 2013, (2) Exchange Rate May 31, 2013: 1 USD = 0.769470 EUR; (3) For the purposes of analysis and simplification we only considered the base salaries of the players.

Forbes recently released the list of the 20 best-paid players in 2012. Together, these athletes received more than 332 million Euros representing an increase of 20% compared to 2011.
David Beckham continues to lead the list of the best-paid players having been his best year in terms of commercial revenues. The English player, the oldest of the 20 players on the list, managed to raise about 33.8 million Euros through its sponsorship contracts along with around 5 million in salary and bonuses through his contract with LA Galaxy. These values ​​were mainly due to his relationship with adidas, Coty, Breitling and Chinese Super League since the salary earned in the club is the lowest in the Top 20.
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English players are the majority in number and value. The five English players on the list received 91.7 million Euros in 2012 being followed by the three Argentine players (59.6 million euros) and Cristiano Ronaldo (33.4 million Euros) from Portugal.
Regarding the championship(s) in which they played in 2012, the English Premier League (Barclays Premier League) dominates the list of the best-paid players since 12 of the 20 athletes competed in that league during this period (Didier Drogba only for 6 months) aggregating 201.2 million Euros. Spanish (Liga BBVA) and North American (Major League Soccer) leagues complete the podium.
With regard to the age of the players, 40% are less than 29 years-old (received 44% of the total amount in 2012), 20% is 29 years-old (received 17% of the total sum) and 40% have over 29 years-old (received 39% of the total amount). We can also see that 12 of them are forwards, 7 are midfielders and only 1 is a defender (John Terry).
Notes: (1) The amounts received by the athletes include their salary, performance bonuses and sponsorship contracts, (2) Exchange Rate April 26, 2013: 1 USD = 0.767430 EUR; (3) Amounts rounded to hundreds of thousands.
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Last week, FIFA Transfer Matching System GmbH published the “Global Transfer Market 2012” report which presents data about international transfers of professional football players aged over 18 years old. The report covers 200 countries and more than 5,600 professional clubs. The vision of FIFA TMS, who controls the process of players transfers is to foster and sustain a transparent global transfer market, based on integrity, responsibility and innovation.
Key figures of the market in 2012:

  • 11,552 international transfers performed successfully (increase of 1% compared to 2011);
  • Overall, European countries were the most active;
  • 64% of transfers occurred in January, July and August 2012;
  • On 31 January and 31 August 2012, there was a transfer every 5 minutes;
  • The most represented nationality in the transfer market was the Brazilian one, followed by Argentine and the ones belonging to the United Kingdom;
  • Average age of players transferred internationally: 24 years and 10 months (equal to 2011);
  • 39% of international transfers involved players aged between 20 and 24 years old;
  • 70% of international transfers involved out of contract athletes (equal to 2011), 12% involved loans between clubs (36% with monetary compensation), 10% direct transfers between clubs (85% with monetary compensation) and 8% returns on loans;
  • 14% of international transfers were performed involving monetary compensation between clubs;
  • 67% of clubs belonging to associations overseen by FIFA acquired at least one athlete and 79% sold at least one player;
  • Total compensation between clubs: 2.000 million Euros (drop of 10% compared to 2011);
  • Average compensation between clubs: 1.2 million Euros (break 11% compared to 2011);
  • Average length of contract of players acquired at no cost: 1 year and 4 months;
  • Average length of contract of players acquired through monetary compensation: 3 years;
  • Average length of loan agreements: 10 months;
  • Average annual fixed salary of the players transferred to Italy (the country with the highest average salary among the six most active countries in the market): 550 000 Euros;
  • Average annual fixed salary of the players transferred to Brazil (most active country in 2012 recording 11% of the total transfers): 61 000 Euros.
  • Change in the involvement of intermediaries in international transfers compared to 2011: + 19%;
  • Compensation paid by English clubs to intermediaries in international transfers (the highest in the world): 45 million Euros.

Incoming and Outgoing Transfers by Region
The European market registered the majority of the incoming and outgoing transfers in 2012. The African and North American markets were the ones with the highest growth while the South American and Asian regions registered a decline.
[table id=152 /]
Most Active Countries in the Transfer Market in 2012
Regarding the most active countries in the market in 2012, there is mainly a trend for the entry of a greater number of foreign players in the English market and the larger internationalization of the Spanish player, certainly encouraged by the achievements of the Spanish national team. In percentage terms, the countries with the largest growth in the number of entries were Iraq (342%), Ivory Coast (322%) and Liberia (300%). Regarding the outgoing transfers, the top 3 in percentage terms, is composed by Gabon (75%), Hong Kong (72%) and Malaysia (69%).
[table id=153 /]
Balance of Incoming and Outgoing Transfers (€)
With regard to the balance of each country between revenues and expenses with players transfers, Brazil and Portugal lead the top 10 countries whose benefits were higher than expenditures while England and Russia lead, prominently, spenders top 10.
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Average annual salary paid to players transferred into the 6 most active countries in the Market in 2012 (fixed compensation)
Regarding this aspect, there is still a large gap between the European and South American markets.
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Commissions paid to intermediaries in International Transfers
England, Italy and Russia lead the top 10 countries that paid the highest values to intermediaries in 2012.
[table id=156 /]
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Football Industry starts publishing today a set of articles that examine the relationship between sporting performance and the average annual salaries paid per player by clubs.
In the edition of 2010/2011 of the Barclays Premier League, Manchester United won the competition presenting the third highest annual average salary per player.
From a positive perspective, West Bromwich achieved the eleventh position in the competition with only the eighteenth highest salary value. In the opposite perspective, West Ham was the case with less success finishing in last place with the twelfth highest average annual salary per player.
Chelsea, Arsenal, Fulham, Sunderland and Wigan presented the same position in the salaries ranking as they did in the competition.
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O Football Industry inicia hoje a publicação de um conjunto de artigos que abordam a relação entre o desempenho desportivo e os salários médios anuais pagos por jogador por parte dos clubes.
Na edição de 2010/2011 da Barclays Premier League, o Manchester United venceu o campeonato apresentando o 3º salário anual médio por jogador mais elevado.
De uma perspetiva positiva, o West Bromwich conseguiu alcançar o 11º posto na competição registando apenas o 18º valor salarial mais alto. Na perspetiva oposta, o West Ham foi o caso de menor sucesso ficando no último lugar com o 12º salário anual médio por jogador mais elevado.
O Chelsea, o Arsenal, o Fulham, o Sunderland e o Wigan atingiram a posição no campeonato correspondente à do ranking de salário anual médio por jogador.
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Currently, Major League Soccer (MLS) is considered by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) as only the 37th strongest league in the world. However, MLS has attracted in recent years some stars who made most of their career in the main European leagues contributing to strengthen this sport in the United States and Canada.
When the 2013 season is starting, Football Industry presents an analysis of the salaries of the 2012 MLS players relating them with their participation in the competition.
MLS Players Union periodically reveals MLS players salaries, representing an unique action in the football world, stating as two of the main arguments the fact that it allows a greater equity between players and rewards those who contribute more to the evolution of MLS, and the greater bargaining power of players gained through this entity.
20 Highest Paid Players in 2012 MLS
In the following table are listed the 20 players with the highest annual base salaries of 2012 MLS. In this ranking there is, especially in the Top 10, a great predominance of players who made the most of their career in Europe, as is the case of Thierry Henry, Rafael Marquez and David Beckham. There is also a significant difference between the highest paid (Thierry Henry, 3.8 million Euros) and the 10th ranked (Kenny Miller, 934.000 Euros). In this table, 10 players are midfielders, 9 are forwards and one is a defender. New York Red Bulls, LA Galaxy and Toronto FC are the most represented clubs.
[table id=63 /]
20 Players with the Highest Salary per Minute of the 2012 MLS
Relating the annual base salary of players with their participation throughout the season, we calculated their salary per minute (only for players who played at least 90 minutes in 2012). Thus, one can observe that Rafael Marquez was the player who received the highest amount per minute followed by Tim Cahill and Bakary Soumare who only played 90 minutes. From this list, 13 of the 20 players are part of the group of the 20 highest paid players presented earlier.
[table id=64 /]
Salaries of the 2012 MLS Clubs
When analyzing the clubs that participated in the 2012 MLS, there is a great disparity between New York Red Bulls and La Galaxy and the remaining MLS teams. Moreover, the clubs position in this ranking does not entirely reflect their performance in the regular phase of the competition (overall MLS table), although in the post season, New York Red Bulls reached the semi-finals and LA Galaxy won the competition. In the 2012 edition of MLS, the average annual base salary per club was 3.4 million Euros and 119.000 Euros per player.
Another important aspect is related with the fact that the 3 players with the highest annual base salary in New York Red Bulls squad represented 83% of their total annual base salary, being this value equal to 77% in the case of LA Galaxy.
[table id=65 /]
Salaries per Minute of the 2012 MLS Clubs
Finally, we analyzed the average salary per minute of the MLS players per club in 2012. As in the previous table, New York Red Bulls and LA Galaxy arise in the first two positions with an average annual base salary per minute played of 366 and 212 Euros, respectively.
[table id=66 /]
Notes: (1) Data from October 1, 2012; (2) Exchange Rate March 15, 2013: 1 USD = 0.764550 EUR; (3) For the purpose of analysis and simplification we only used players base salaries; (4) Were only considered players who participated in more than 90 minutes in 2012; (5) For the purpose of presenting clubs position in the regular phase of the competition, both conferences were aggregated.
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Atualmente, a Major League Soccer (MLS) é considerada pela International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) apenas a 37ª liga mais forte do Mundo. No entanto, a MLS tem atraído nos últimos anos algumas estrelas que fizeram a maior parte da sua carreira nas principais ligas europeias contribuindo para o fortalecimento da modalidade nos Estados Unidos da América e no Canadá.
Numa altura em que se iniciou a época de 2013, o Football Industry apresenta uma análise dos salários dos jogadores da época de 2012 relacionando-os com a sua participação na competição.
A MLS Players Union revela periodicamente os salários dos jogadores deste campeonato, representando uma ação única no mundo do futebol, indicando como dois dos principais argumentos o facto de permitir que exista uma maior equidade entre os jogadores e se premeiem aqueles que mais contribuem para a evolução da MLS e o maior poder negocial dos jogadores através desta entidade.
20 Jogadores mais bem pagos da MLS 2012
Na tabela seguinte, encontram-se os 20 jogadores com os salários base anuais mais elevados da MLS 2012. Neste ranking verifica-se, sobretudo no Top 10, uma grande predominância de jogadores que fizeram a maior parte da sua carreira na Europa, como são os casos de Thierry Henry, Rafael Marquez e David Beckham. Observa-se também uma diferença significativa entre o mais bem pago (Thierry Henry, 3,8 milhões de Euros) e o 10º do ranking (Kenny Miller, 934 mil Euros). Nesta tabela, 10 jogadores são médios, 9 são avançados e 1 é defesa. Os New York Red Bulls, os LA Galaxy e os Toronto FC são os clubes mais representados.
[table id=58 /]
20 Jogadores com o Salário por Minuto mais Elevado da MLS 2012
Relacionando o salário base anual dos jogadores com a sua utilização ao longo da época, calculámos o salário por minuto dos atletas da MLS 2012 construindo o Top 20 deste indicador (apenas foram considerados os jogadores que atuaram pelo menos 90 minutos ao longo da época). Assim, observa-se que Rafael Marquez foi o jogador que mais recebeu por minuto de utilização seguido de Tim Cahill e Bakary Soumare que apenas jogou 90 minutos. Desta lista, 13 dos 20 jogadores fazem parte do grupo dos 20 jogadores mais bem pagos apresentado anteriormente.
[table id=59 /]
Salários dos Clubes da MLS 2012
Analisando os clubes que participaram na MLS 2012, nota-se uma grande disparidade entre os New York Red Bulls e La Galaxy e os restantes clubes da MLS. Verifica-se também que a posição dos clubes neste ranking não se traduziu totalmente na sua classificação na fase regular (classificação agregada das conferências) embora, na fase seguinte, os New York Red Bulls tenham atingido as meias-finais e os LA Galaxy tenham vencido a competição. Nesta edição da MLS, a base salarial anual média por clube foi de 3,4 milhões de Euros e de 119 mil Euros por jogador.
Outro aspeto importante, prende-se com o facto de os 3 jogadores com o salário mais elevado do plantel dos New York Red Bulls terem representado 83% do total dos salários base dos seus jogadores, sendo este valor de 77% no caso dos LA Galaxy.
[table id=60 /]
Salários por Minuto dos Clubes da MLS 2012
Por último, analisámos o salário médio por minuto dos jogadores da MLS 2012 por clube. À semelhança da tabela anterior, os New York Red Bulls e os LA Galaxy surgem nas duas primeiras posições com um salário médio por minuto de utilização de 366 e 212 Euros, respetivamente.
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Notas: (1) Dados de 01 de Outubro de 2012; (2) Taxa de câmbio 15 Março 2013: 1 USD = 0,764550 EUR; (3) Para efeitos de análise e simplificação apenas foram utilizados os salários base dos jogadores; (4) Não foram considerados os jogadores que não somaram mais de 90 minutos de utilização em 2012; (5) Para efeitos de apresentação da classificação na fase regular foram agregadas as duas conferências.
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